Organ transplant

To replace a harmed or missing organ, a medical method known as organ transplantation is used. This procedure is the removal of an organ from one body (donor) and placed into the body of a recipient. The donor and the recipient do not have to be at the same location; organs may be transported to somewhere else. When organs and/or tissues are transplanted within the same individual’s body, they are called autografts. Allografts are recently implemented transplants between two subjects of the same species. Allografts can be performed from either a living or cadaveric source. Successfully transplanted organs involve kidneys, liver, and pancreas.

Pancreas transplant

  • The pancreas is an organ that lies behind the lower part of the stomach. One of the main functions of this organ is to make insulin which is a hormone that organizes the absorption of sugar (glucose) into the cells. An operation to treat insulin-dependent diabetes is called a pancreas transplant. In this way, someone with diabetes will be able to have a healthy insulin-producing pancreas from a donor who just died. With a healthy pancreas, instead of insulin injection from outside, production of your own insulin becomes possible.
  • Duration of the surgery: if it is done alone, it takes 3-4 hours. If it is done at the same time with the kidney transplant, it takes 4-6 hours.
  • Stay in the hospital: a person who has a pancreas transplant stays in intensive care for a few days after the surgery. Usually, it is needed to stay in the hospital at least 7 days before going home to continue recovery.
  • Back to normal life: most patients can return to their normal activities within 4 to 6 weeks after surgery.

Kidney transplant

  • The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs that are located on both sides of the spine just beneath the rib cage. The size of each is like a fist. The kidney filters waste products from the blood and converts them into urine. If the kidneys lose their capability, waste products can be enhanced which can be life-threatening. End-stage chronic kidney disease or kidney failure, which is loss of kidney function, is the most prevalent reason for the need for a kidney transplant.
  • Common reasons for end-stage kidney disease would be; diabetes, chronic and uncontrolled high blood pressure, chronic glomerulonephritis and polycystic kidney disease. A kidney transplant is the transfer of a healthy kidney from a donor into the body of a recipient who has little or no kidney function.
  • Duration of the surgery: Under convenient conditions, this surgery takes 2-4 hours.
  • Stay in the hospital: After transplantation from a living donor, the patient stays in the hospital for 5-6 days on average, and for 8-9 days after transplantation with a cadaver donor.
  • Back to normal life: Most kidney transplant recipients can return to work and other normal activities within 8 weeks after the transplant.

Liver transplant

  • A liver is the largest internal organ performing various significant functions such as:
  • Processing nutrients, medications, and hormones
  • Production of bile that aids the body to absorb fats, cholesterol and fat-soluble vitamins
  • Production of proteins that help the blood clot
  • Removal of bacteria and toxins in the blood
  • Blocking infection and regulating immune responses
  • A liver transplant is done when there is a malfunctioning liver; this surgical procedure means replacing an unhealthy liver with a healthy liver taken from a deceased donor or a portion of a healthy liver from an alive donor.
  • Duration of the surgery: Despite its high success rate, it is still a very difficult operation and takes an average of 6-12 hours.
  • Stay in the hospital: Evaluation of a patient whose liver transplant decision is made usually takes 5-7 days in the hospital.
  • Back to normal daily life: Most liver transplant recipients can turn back to work and other normal activities after at least 3 months.