- It is a surgical technique that enables hair follicles to be moved from the ‘donor site’ to a bald or balding part of the body that is known as the ‘recipient site’.
- Even though this technique is used primarily to treat male pattern baldness, it can be used for female pattern baldness as well.
- Grafts including hair follicles that are genetically resistant to balding are transplanted to the bald scalp in this minimal incursive procedure.
- Hair transplantation is also used to renovate eyelashes, eyebrows, beard, chest and pubic hair and to replenish scars occasioned by accidents like face-lifts and previous hair transplants.
Functional nose correction (Rhinoplasty, Septorhinoplasty)
- Rhinoplasty is a surgery which is changing the shape of the nose. The main motivation can include both appearance and improved breathing.Septorhinoplasty is again nasal reconstructive surgery that aims to treat blocked nasal passage and improve breathing through the nose.While rhinoplasty alters the appearance of the nose by using a graft or implant, septorhinoplasty involves making a cut to the skin-like lining inside of the nose.
Buccal fat removal (Bichectomy)
- It is an aesthetic facial procedure intended for reducing prominent cheeks by the proportional removal of buccal fat-pad tissue that is not essential for an adult human body.
- This procedure is applied to the right and left cheeks through the inside of the oral mucosa and the quantity of fat is decreased in the middle cheek area.If you are doing regular exercises and eating healthy and still cannot get rid of the extra fat on your cheeks, this simple procedure would be the solution for you.
Facelift (Face and neck)
- Facelift (known as rhytidectomy) is a cosmetic procedure designed to eliminate excess fat, making facial muscles tighter and stretching facial skin to attain a smoother, younger appearance. A facelift can be done on the face, the neck or both.
- A neck lift (platysmaplasty) is generally done as a part of a face-lift to decrease fat layers and saggy skin on the neck. It is not so possible to decrease several things by face-lifting; fine creases or wrinkles on your skin or sun exposure damage.
Eyelid aesthetics (Blepharoplasty)
- The eyelids are the areas where the sign of aging is seen at an early stage. By this operation, it is possible to eliminate excess skin from the eyelids to remove the sagging part of the lids, excess fat above and under eyelids and bags under the eyes.
Removal of scars and irregularities on the skin
- In addition to fine lines and wrinkles aside, there are many ways your skin can lose its smoothness and slickness over the years. Scars caused by acne, injuries, surgery or other kinds of anomalies can happen and make your skin texture rough or uneven.
Facial deformities, congenital masses
- To reshape structures in the head and neck -generally, nose, ears, chin, cheekbones and neckline, facial plastic surgery is done.
- People who are searching for this surgery are actuated by a desire for the reconstruction of the face especially after an injury/disease or a feature on the face that is there from birth.
- Some people may wish for removing the signs of aging, eliminating contour irregularities or making the face look more proportioned.
Absence of auricle, prominent ear and other deformities
- The surgical and non-surgical procedures for rectification of the deformities and defects of the external ear are called otoplasty.
- It also includes reconstruction of a defective, deformed, or absence of an external ear, including congenital conditions and trauma.
- By the otoplastic surgeon, it is possible to correct the defect or deformity by making an external ear that is natural-looking and proportioned.
Breast reconstruction after cancer
- Women who have a mastectomy, surgery for the removal of an entire breast to treat or hamper breast cancer, have the choice of having a rebuilt breast. Breasts can be renovated using implants (saline or silicone) as well as using autologous tissue (tissue taken from somewhere else in the body). It is possible sometimes to use both ways to rebuild the breast.
- Breast reconstruction surgery can be started at the time of mastectomy, called immediate reconstruction), or it may be done after mastectomy incisions have been cured and breast cancer therapy is accomplished (called delayed reconstruction).
Gynecomastia (Male breast enlargement)
- GYNECOMASTIA (MALE BREAST ENLARGEMENT)It is a growth in the amount of breast gland tissue in boys or men which is occasioned by an imbalance of the estrogen and testosterone hormones. Gynecomastia can be seen on one or both breasts and sometimes unevenly. Pseudogynecomastia refers to a rise in fat but not glandular tissue in male breasts.
- Abnormal changes in hormone levels can be one of the reasons for gynecomastia in newborns, boys going through puberty and older men. Although it is not a serious problem, gynecomastia may be very hard to cope with the results such as pain in the breast or embarrassment.
Chest and abdominal wall defects
- An opening in the abdomen in which several abdominal organs can protrude is called an abdominal wall defect. This opening diversifies in size and is mostly diagnosed early in fetal development, generally in between the 10th or 14th week of pregnancy.
- The abdominal wall is an integral constituent of the chest wall. Malfunction in the ventral abdominal wall changes respiratory mechanisms and can reduce diaphragm function. Congenital abdominal wall defects are also related to abnormalities in lung growth and development that cause pulmonary hypoplasia, pulmonary hypertension.
Deficiencies and deformities in the hand and foot
- Congenital hand or foot anomalies can be understood as they are present since birth. Any kind of deformity in a newborn can turn into a challenge for the child as he/she grows up. The extent of deformity differs from a minor deformity, like uneven fingers or thumb deformity, to a harsh deformity like a total absence of a bone.
- Additionally, feet can transform into a deformed shape caused by external factors such as certain foot postures or diseases. Foot deformities can also result in pain and walking difficulties.
Acute burns and post-burn deformities
- A burn is an injury on the skin or other organic tissue mainly caused by heat or friction, chemical contacts, radiation, radioactivity, or electricity. Impacts of burns that are connected to loss of normal tissue and scarring, contain limited movement, pain, disfigurement, and social embarrassment.
- Reconstructive surgery for burn patients aims to renovate the function and then the aesthetic appearance. The management of burn wounds comes after revitalization and stabilization.
Chronic wounds (Pressure sores, venous wounds, diabetic foot wounds, etc.)
- Chronic wounds are generally painful, weakening and extremely damaging for the quality of life of the individuals, and aesthetically unattractive. A cascade of complicated and dynamic processes which can be affected by several factors like elderly age, underlying diseases (venous incompetence, arterial insufficiency, diabetes), obesity, medications, lack of nutrition, and infection are contained in wound healing.
Pressure sores (pressure ulcers or bedsores)
- They are injuries to the skin and underlying tissue, arising from prolonged pressure on the skin. Even though it can happen to anyone, usually individuals who are confined to bed or sit in a chair/wheelchair for a long time are affected more.
- Venous ulcers are leg ulcers that are related to blood flow (circulation) in the leg veins. A diabetic foot ulcer is an open sore or wound which is seen by almost 15% of patients with diabetes, and the area is generally on the bottom foot. Luckily, some plastic surgery techniques can help heal wounds.
- Cleft lift and cleft palate are known as orofacial clefts. It is a group of conditions that contains cleft lip, cleft palate or both together. A cleft lip refers to an opening in the upper lip which may expand into the nose.
- The opening can be seen on one side, in the middle or on both sides. When the roof of the mouth includes an opening into the nose, this is called a cleft palate. Cleft lip and palate are the consequences of improperly joined tissues of the face during the development; so, it is counted as a birth defect.
Bone and soft tissue traumas of the face
- Facial trauma, or maxillofacial trauma, refers to any kind of facial trauma on the face. Facial trauma can comprise soft tissue injuries like burns, scotching and bruises, or fractures of the facial bones i.e., nasal or jaw fractures as well as eye injuries.